SAP Function Modules

ROUND SAP Function module - Rounding to spec. no. of dec. place (round up, round down, comm. roundin







ROUND is a standard SAP function module available within R/3 SAP systems depending on your version and release level. Below is the pattern details for this FM showing its interface including any import and export parameters, exceptions etc as well as any documentation contributions (Comments) specific to the object.

See here to view full function module documentation and code listing, simply by entering the name ROUND into the relevant SAP transaction such as SE37 or SE80.

Associated Function Group: SCV0
Released Date: 14.03.2000
Processing type: Normal fucntion module
Normal function module settings


Pattern for FM ROUND - ROUND





CALL FUNCTION 'ROUND' "Rounding to spec. no. of dec. place (round up, round down, comm. rounding)
  EXPORTING
*   decimals = 0                "               Number decimal places, to which rounding is to be carried out
    input =                     "               value to be rounded
*   sign = SPACE                "               Flag for rounding up, rounding down, commercial roundoff
  IMPORTING
    output =                    "               rounded value
  EXCEPTIONS
    INPUT_INVALID = 1           "               value to be rounded is not a number
    OVERFLOW = 2                "               Field overflow
    TYPE_INVALID = 3            "               Output value is not a number
    .  "  ROUND

ABAP code example for Function Module ROUND





The ABAP code below is a full code listing to execute function module ROUND including all data declarations. The code uses the latest in-line data DECLARATION SYNTAX but I have included an ABAP code snippet at the end to show how declarations would look using the original method of declaring data variables up front. This will allow you to compare and fully understand the new inline method. Please note some of the newer syntax such as the @DATA is not available until a later 4.70 service pack (SP8).

DATA:
ld_output  TYPE STRING .

DATA(ld_decimals) = 'some text here'.
DATA(ld_input) = 'some text here'.
DATA(ld_sign) = 'some text here'. . CALL FUNCTION 'ROUND' EXPORTING * decimals = ld_decimals input = ld_input * sign = ld_sign IMPORTING output = ld_output EXCEPTIONS INPUT_INVALID = 1 OVERFLOW = 2 TYPE_INVALID = 3 . " ROUND
IF SY-SUBRC EQ 0. "All OK ELSEIF SY-SUBRC EQ 1. "Exception "Add code for exception here ELSEIF SY-SUBRC EQ 2. "Exception "Add code for exception here ELSEIF SY-SUBRC EQ 3. "Exception "Add code for exception here ENDIF.






ABAP code to compare 7.40 inline data declaration with original syntax

The below ABAP code uses the older none in-line data declarations. This allows you to see the coding differences/benefits of the later inline syntax. It may also be useful if you are using an older version of SAP as some of the newer syntax above, such as the @DATA is not available until 4.70 EHP 8.

DATA:
ld_output  TYPE STRING ,
ld_decimals  TYPE STRING ,
ld_input  TYPE STRING ,
ld_sign  TYPE STRING .

ld_decimals = 'some text here'.
ld_input = 'some text here'.
ld_sign = 'some text here'.

SAP Documentation for FM ROUND


This function module rounds the value INPUT to ANDEC decimal places. The parameter SIGN determines whether rounding is down ('-'), up ('+') ...See here for full SAP fm documentation

Contribute (Add Comments)

Please help keep this info upto date and use the comments section below to add useful hints, tips and information specific to this SAP function. This will then be available for you and other users to easily find by simply searching on the object name ROUND or its description.