SAP Tables

SAP tables are created, displayed and maintained via the SAP data dictionary using transactions such as SE11 and SE80 and are the building blocks of the SAP environment. It is here where all the data within your SAP system is stored ready to be processed or accessed via your ABAP code. But it's not just business data like tables such as MARA and MARC that store material details or EKKO and EKPO that store purchasing details but also the core info that essentially makes up the system.  

For example when you create an ABAP report/program this code is then stored within a database table. Not only that the metadata of tables is also stored in database tables. For example, DD02L stores the global settings and attributes for each table, DD03L stores the list of fields that make up the table. The details about each of these fields are also stored in a variety of tables depending on how the field is made up. 

Give it a try, via transaction SE11 (or SE80) create a new Z table and see if it appears in table DD02L and if the fields appear in DD03L. 

Display any SAP tables

Display full details of any table in SAP including documentation, field list, ABAP select code...Simply input the table name and press the display button

List SAP Tables by Module area

Here is a list of tables organised by SAP functional or module area (i.e. CRM, MM etc) to help you find the information you are looking for.

Popular tables in SAP 

A000 Condition Table for Pricing 
PA0000 HR Master record tables(info types for PNP ldb) 
EKKO SAP ​PO tables
DD02V Data dictionary tables 
TRDIR Table of SAP programs 
USR02 Logon data

Help finding SAP table information

So you can see there is a lot of complicated interlinked information stored in hundreds of thousands of sap tables! But how do you know what is stored in what? Well the simple answer is experienced plays a big part and is also why you get a lot of specialisation in SAP. Because along with all these tables there are many transactions that allow a user to add, maintain and process the data. 

But this is also where can help, providing information of all these database tables (also includes Structures and Views). This allows you to be able to perform a simple keyword search (i.e. table name/title) and view the details of each table on one page including details such as: 

• Name of table/database 
• Title
• Delivery class
• Text table if appropriate
• Field list
• Key field indicator
• Data element
• Data type
• Length
• Check table
• Field description
• Includes
• Link to full details about each field/data element/domain 

Add data to SAP database tables

As mentioned above there are many transactions that allow you to maintain the data within SAP tables but what if you want to add data directly to a database. There are two ways to do this, the first method is manually via transactions such as SM30, SE16, SE80 etc. and the second method is via ABAP code inserted into a program or report. 

• Add data manually via SAP tcode
Create ABAP code to add data 

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