scsa/shm/key is a SAP Parameter attribute which is used to control Identifier for Shared Common System Area information. This is available within R/3 SAP systems depending on the version and release level.
Below is the standard documentation available and a few details of the attributes values .
The SCSA is a shared memory area that is used by basis components such
as system log, trace, and so on. Depending on the operating system, the
Shared Common System Area is created either as a standalone shared
memory area, or as area no. 5 on the SAP IPC interface. If this is
created directly in the operating system, this can require a numeric or
textual detection key. This parameter is for numerical keys (for
example, for UNIX). It contains the instance number by default so that
different instances do not confuse their SCSAs.
See SAP Parameter Documentation for full SAP documentation for this profile parameter.